Microsoft Active Directory Reviews

Managing Active Directory Performance

Managing Active Directory Performance

An Overview on Efficiency Monitoring and Administration

Efficiency monitoring is the method of precisely and persistently measuring efficiency, as a way to determine any potential bottlenecks which can be impairing the best way through which Lively Listing performs inside your surroundings. A bottleneck can happen on any Home windows subsystem or community element, and happens when one useful resource prevents a unique useful resource from working optimally. Incorrectly configured settings or the inadequate distribution of assets between community elements may end up in bottlenecks occurring.

Monitoring efficiency could be thought-about the preliminary step in defining any efficiency optimization technique on your community or community assets. Earlier than you’ll be able to optimize efficiency, you need to determine and get rid of present bottlenecks, or potential bottlenecks. There are a couple of system and community monitoring instruments offered by Home windows Server 2003, which can be utilized to watch Lively Listing efficiency.

The steps concerned in a typical efficiency monitoring course of are listed under. As a result of efficiency monitoring and optimization is a steady course of, you need to recurrently monitor efficiency, particularly when enterprise wants and necessities change.

  1. Outline a baseline of present efficiency.
  2. Determine present and potential bottlenecks.
  3. Plan for, and impact any modifications essential to cope with all recognized bottlenecks.
  4. Measure the influence or success of any carried out modifications.

A couple of elements that must be thought-about when monitoring and managing efficiency are detailed within the following part.

  • Making modifications in a manufacturing surroundings ought to be achieved with care. You must plan for, and check all modifications previous to implementing them.
  • It is suggested to impact one change at a time, in case you are implementing modifications to enhance efficiency. This technique would help you in figuring out the precise change(s) which resulted within the efficiency improve.
  • When defining the bottom measurements to make use of to watch efficiency, maintain the measurement element constant.
  • Hold a report of efficiency historical past, and of any modifications which have been carried out to enhance efficiency.

In relation to monitoring and managing Lively Listing efficiency, the duties which you sometimes have to carry out are summarized under:

  • You must commonly monitor Lively Listing to make sure the integrity and reliability of the Lively Listing database, and efficiency of your Lively Listing domains and forests. Recurrently monitoring Lively Listing would help in rushing up the method of resolving efficiency points.
  • Error messages generated by Lively Listing and the File Replication Service (FRS) are recorded within the listing service log and file replication service log in Occasion Viewer. You would wish to firstly perceive these logs, after which monitor them. Warning and informational messages are additionally recorded within the listing and file replication service logs.
  • You need to use the NTDS, FileReplicaConn, and FileReplicaSet efficiency objects to allow System Monitor to trace Lively Listing and FRS replication efficiency.
  • An significance activity related to managing the efficiency of the Lively Listing is defragmenting the Lively Listing database. Defragmenting the Lively Listing database not solely improves efficiency, it additionally recovers disk area.
  • To enhance efficiency you may want to maneuver the Lively Listing database or log information to a brand new quicker arduous drive or array of onerous drives. That is sometimes essential when the dimensions of the Lively Listing database and elements will increase, and often includes changing your slower drives and controllers with quicker drives and controllers.

Defragmenting the Lively Listing Database

With Home windows Server 2003 Lively Listing, a rubbish assortment course of begins every 12 hours (default) on area controllers. The rubbish assortment course of is a upkeep cycle that principally purges expired objects from the Lively Listing database, and deletes pointless log information. One other perform inside the rubbish assortment course of is the efficiency of on-line defragmentation of the Lively Listing database, and the re-indexing of its knowledge to allow quicker entry. These two features are the final features carried out by the rubbish assortment course of, and usually improve the efficiency of the Lively Listing database. The web defragmentation strategy of the Lively Listing database doesn’t scale back the dimensions of the database file, nor does it get well obtainable free area from the Lively Listing database.

The defragmentation of the Lively Listing database is important as a result of as knowledge is deleted from the database, gaps which finally scale back learn or write efficiency, exist within the knowledge as it’s situated on the bodily disk. Defragmenting the Lively Listing database helps to keep the database performing at its optimum efficiency degree for learn and write operations. A learn operation and write operation could be spilt into two elements, specifically; the info in search of element, and the info studying or writing element. As regards to a typical write operation, in search of pertains to discovering the subsequent free area you can write knowledge to, and knowledge writing refers back to the dedication of knowledge on the disk. When gaps exist within the knowledge as it’s situated on the bodily disk, search time is elevated. This in flip results in poorer efficiency of the Lively Listing database.

As talked about earlier, the web defragmentation means of the Lively Listing database doesn’t scale back the dimensions of the database file, nor does it recuperate out there free area. You possibly can nevertheless carry out an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database if you should recuperate obtainable free area from the database.

Numerous Lively Listing administration and upkeep duties could be carried out utilizing the Ntdsutil utility. These embrace:

  • Performing an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database.
  • Performing an Lively Listing database restore.
  • Performing sure listing providers restore operations.
  • Shifting the Lively Listing database.
  • Deleting area controller entries from Lively Listing.

To carry out an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database, you need to boot within the Listing Providers Restore Mode in order that the Lively Listing database stays offline. In Listing Providers Restore Mode, a website controller boots and not using a copy of the Lively Listing database. You possibly can change to Listing Providers Restore Mode by rebooting the pc, after which urgent F8 when prompted throughout startup.

Learn how to change the rubbish assortment interval (how typically on-line defragmentation of the Lively Listing database happens)

You should use of the next utilities/instruments to vary the rubbish assortment interval:

  • LDP.exe.
  • ADSI script.
  • ADSI Edit.

To vary the rubbish assortment interval, utilizing ADSI Edit, comply with the steps under.

  1. Place the Home windows Server 2003 CD-ROM within the CD-ROM drive.
  2. Begin the Home windows Help Instruments Setup Wizard.
  3. On the Finish Consumer License Settlement display, click on I Agree. Click on Subsequent.
  4. Insert your identify, and the identify of the group. Click on Subsequent.
  5. Set the situation for the set up of the help instruments.
  6. Click on Set up Now. After the set up, click on End.
  7. Click on Begin, Run, and enter mmc within the Run dialog field. Click on OK.
  8. From th File menu, click on Add/Take away Snap-in.
  9. When the Add/Take away Snap-in dialog field opens, click on Add.
  10. When the Add Standalone Snap-in dialog field opens, choose ADSI Edit, after which click on Add.
  11. Click on Shut. Click on OK to exit the Add/Take away Snap-in dialog field.
  12. Proceed to right-click ADSI Edit, and choose Join To from the shortcut menu.
  13. When the ADSI Edit Connection Settings dialog field opens, within the Choose a well-known Naming Context record field, select Configuration. Click on OK.
  14. Within the left pane, increase the CN=Configuration,DC=(Area identify),DC=(Area Identify) node, broaden CN=Providers node, after which broaden the CN=Home windows NT node.
  15. Proper-click CN=Listing Service, and select Properties from the shortcut menu.
  16. When the CN=Listing Service dialog field opens, choose the garbageCollPeriod choice from the Attributes: listing field.
  17. A Worth column setting specified as signifies that the default assortment interval of 12 hours is enabled. Which means as a result of the rubbish assortment course of runs every 12 hours, the web defragmentation of the Lively Listing database happens too at 12 hour intervals. The web defragmentation of Lively Listing database is the final operation carried out by the rubbish assortment course of.
  18. To vary this setting, click on Edit.
  19. When the Integer Attribute Editor dialog field opens, set a brand new worth (in hours) for the brand new rubbish assortment interval.
  20. Click on OK.
  21. Confirm that the Worth column setting exhibits the brand new worth which you configured.
  22. Click on OK.

Learn how to carry out an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database

It is suggested that you simply carry out an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database when you’re sure to get well a substantial amount of free area. Earlier than performing the offline defragmentation course of, you need to roughly decide the amount of free area that may end result from defragmenting the database. You are able to do this by configuring the Listing Service to create an occasion log entry that estimates this determine for you.

To configure the Listing Service to create an occasion log that estimates what free area can be out there after an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database is carried out,

  1. Click on Begin, Run, and enter regedt32.exe within the Run dialog field. Click on OK.
  2. The Registry Editor opens.
  3. Find the 6 Rubbish Assortment entry by increasing HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, SYSTEM, CurrentControlSet, Providers, NTDS, after which Diagnostics.
  4. Proceed to double-click 6 Rubbish Assortment entry.
  5. Enter 1 within the Worth Knowledge textual content field.
  6. Click on OK.

Earlier than you carry out an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database, it is best to first again up system state knowledge. System state knowledge sometimes consists of boot and system information wanted to start out the working system, the COM+ Class Registration database, and the Registry.

To carry out an offline defragmentation of the Lively Listing database,

  1. Reboot the pc.
  2. When prompted, throughout startup, press F8.
  3. Within the Home windows Superior Choices menu, select the next choice: Listing Providers Restore Mode (Home windows DCs solely). Press Enter.
  4. Select the working system to start out, and press Enter.
  5. When the Protected Mode logon immediate seems, enter the suitable native administrator account password. Click on OK.
  6. When a message seems, stating that Home windows is operating in Protected Mode, click on OK.
  7. Proceed to open a command immediate window.
  8. To entry the Ntdsutil utility, enter ntdsutil.
  9. Enter information.
  10. To create a defragmented copy of the Lively Listing database, ener compact to :.
  11. Enter give up.
  12. Enter give up to shut the Ntdsutil utility.
  13. In Home windows Explorer, proceed to repeat the brand new ntds.dit file to the right location.
  14. Within the Lively Listing log information folder, delete any information containing a .LOG extension.
  15. Reboot the server.

Shifting the Lively Listing Database and Log Information

The Ntdsutil utility is used to maneuver the Lively Listing database and log information to totally different arduous drives and controllers. It is best to first again up system state knowledge earlier than utilizing Ntdsutil utility to maneuver the Lively Listing database and log information.

To maneuver the Lively Listing database and log information,

  1. Reboot the pc.
  2. When prompted, throughout startup, press F8.
  3. Within the Home windows Superior Choices menu, select the next choice: Listing Providers Restore Mode (Home windows DCs solely). Press Enter.
  4. Select the working system to start out, and press Enter.
  5. When the Protected Mode logon immediate seems, enter the suitable native administrator account password. Click on OK.
  6. When a message seems, stating that Home windows is operating in Protected Mode, click on OK.
  7. Proceed to open a command immediate window.
  8. To entry the Ntdsutil utility, enter ntdsutil.
  9. Enter information.
  10. To maneuver the Lively Listing database to a brand new location, enter transfer DB to :.
  11. To maneuver the Lively Listing log information to a brand new location, enter transfer logs to :.
  12. Enter information to confirm that the Lively Listing database and log information are being referenced within the right location.
  13. Enter give up.
  14. Enter give up to shut the Ntdsutil utility.

Monitoring Lively Listing Efficiency with Occasions Logs and System Monitor

When monitoring Lively Listing efficiency, it is very important keep in mind that efficiency points referring to Lively Listing can certainly be brought on by different community infrastructure elements. Subsequently, whenever you design you technique for monitoring Lively Listing efficiency, you should monitor all the opposite community elements which primarily help the listing service. As is the case with all computer systems or machines in a community surroundings, area controllers too have primary useful resource necessities.

When defining your technique for monitoring area controller efficiency inside your Lively Listing setting, you must sometimes embrace the next:

  • Processor (CPU) time.
  • Reminiscence.
  • Disk area.
  • Disk I/O.
  • Community utilization.

You should use the Home windows Server 2003 Occasion Viewer device to watch safety occasions, system occasions, software occasions, and occasions for specific providers, reminiscent of listing service occasions. What this implies is that you should use Occasion Viewer to watch Lively Listing. To entry Occasion Viewer to view the occasion logs on a website controller, click on Begin, Packages, Administrative Instruments, after which click on Occasion Viewer. The next three logs are the default logs which could be seen in Occasion Viewer:

  • Software log.
  • System log.
  • Safety log.

For all occasion log varieties, aside from the Safety log, three totally different ranges of occasions are displayed:

  • Error occasions, Warning occasions, and Info occasions.

When Lively Listing is put in, the next two further logs are enabled:

  • Listing service log.
  • File replication service log.

The occasion logs that are of significance for monitoring the listing service are listed under:

  • System: The system occasion log incorporates necessary info that relate to the steadiness and situation of the working system. You need to reguarly monitor info included on this log as a result of it might impression the general operation and efficiency of your area controllers.
  • Software: The appliance occasion log accommodates info on Lively Listing elements.
  • Listing Service: The Listing service occasion log is the primary occasion log used to watch and troubleshoot Lively Listing operations and efficiency. The log incorporates an enormous amount of data on Lively Listing, together with when the listing service begins and stops, and on-line defragmentation. It incorporates all errors, warnings and different info generated by Lively Listing. Due to this, analyzing the Listing service occasion log is often step one in isolating Lively Listing efficiency issues.
  • File Replication Service: As a result of the File Replication Service (FRS) is utilized by Lively Listing to regulate the replication of SYSVOL, and to synchronize the content material of the SYSVOL quantity over area controllers; you may want to watch the file replication service log. SYSVOL additionally incorporates Group Coverage and replication topology connection info.
  • DNS Server: In small organizations the place a single server sometimes features as a website controller and DNS server, monitoring the DNS server service is sort of essential. Monitoring DNS can also be necessary in Lively Listing as a result of it’s used to seek out area controllers and International Catalog servers inside you Lively Listing domains and forests.

Home windows Server 2003 consists of the Efficiency console which can be utilized to watch Lively Listing. You’ll be able to monitor the server on which Home windows Server 2003 is put in, in addition to distant servers. To open the Efficiency console, click on Begin, Packages, Administrative Instruments, after which click on Efficiency. Efficiency counters is the terminology used when referring to the metrics that are monitored by way of the Efficiency console. The counters are grouped in relation to the efficiency objects which they symbolize. An object is related to a useful resource or service which could be monitored. What this implies is that for an object, you need to use the counters related to that specific object to watch efficiency.

The Efficiency console accommodates the next elements.

  • Counter and Hint logs.
  • Alerts.
  • System Monitor.

As simply talked about, System Monitor is included within the Efficiency console utility. When System Monitor is chosen within the left pane of the Efficiency console utility, the best pane exhibits a big graph which illustrates the three beneficial common system counters. These are Reminiscence:Pages/sec, PhysicalDisk:Avg disk queue size, and Processor:%Processor time. You need to use the underside part of the graph pane to pick totally different counters.

By means of System Monitor, you’ll be able to carry out the next duties:

  • Collect real-time efficiency knowledge from native and distant computer systems.
  • Show present or recorded (historical past) efficiency knowledge.
  • View or show efficiency knowledge in a Graph, Histogram or Report view. You can too create HTML pages from these efficiency views.
  • Outline reusable monitoring configuration parameters which you’ll be able to set up on totally different computer systems.

To watch the efficiency of Lively Listing, it’s a must to first select the efficiency object and the associated efficiency counters which you need to monitor. The precise object which ought to be monitored to trace Lively Listing operation and efficiency is the NT Listing Providers (NTDS) object. The counters which characterize totally different features, elements or elements of Lively Listing are represented by the counters of the NTDS object, together with:

  • The Tackle ook (AB).
  • The Asynchronous thread queue (ATQ).
  • The Listing Replication Agent (DRA).
  • The Listing Service (DS).
  • The Key Distribution Middle (KDC).
  • Kerberos Authentications.
  • The Light-weight Listing Entry Protocol (LDAP).
  • The NTLM Authentications.
  • The Safety Accounts Supervisor (SAM).
  • The Prolonged Listing Providers (XDS).

Whereas the NTDS object is the first object for monitoring Lively Listing, you also needs to monitor different objects that help Lively Listing. The extra essential counters of the NTDS object that must be used to watch Lively Listing are listed under:

  • DRA Inbound Bytes Compressed (Between Websites, After Compression)/Sec; exhibits the compressed measurement of inbound compressed replication knowledge.
  • DRA Inbound Bytes Compressed (Between Websites, Earlier than Compression)/Sec; shows the preliminary measurement of inbound compressed replication knowledge.
  • DRA Inbound Bytes Not Compressed (Inside Website)/Sec; exhibits the bytes which weren’t compressed, acquired by way of inbound replication.
  • DRA Inbound Bytes Complete/Sec; the whole bytes (compressed and uncompressed bytes) acquired by way of inbound replication.
  • DRA Inbound Full Sync Objects Remaining; the variety of objects remaining till the complete synchronization course of has been finalized.
  • DRA Inbound Objects/Sec; the variety of objects acquired from replication companions.
  • DRA Inbound Objects Utilized/Sec; signifies the speed that replication updates are acquired from replication companions, and are utilized by the native listing service.
  • DRA Inbound Objects Filtered/Sec; the variety of objects from inbound replication companions which included no updates.
  • DRA Inbound Object Updates Remaining in Packet; signifies the variety of object updates within the replication replace packet that are as but not utilized.
  • DRA Inbound Properties Utilized/Sec; specifies the variety of properties replicated.
  • DRA Inbound Properties Filtered/Sec; signifies the variety of property modifications that are already acknowledged.
  • DRA Inbound Properties Complete/Sec; signifies the whole variety of objects acquired from inbound replication companions.
  • DRA Inbound Values (DNs Solely)/Sec; signifies the variety of object property values which have been acquired by way of inbound replication companions which have distinguished names.
  • DRA Inbound Values Complete/Sec; signifies the full variety of object property values which have been acquired by way of inbound replication companions.
  • DRA Outbound Bytes Compressed (Between Websites, After Compression)/Sec; exhibits the compressed measurement of outbound replication knowledge.
  • DRA Outbound Bytes Compressed (Between Websites, Earlier than Compression)/Sec; the preliminary measurement of outbound compressed replication knowledge.
  • DRA Outbound Bytes Not Compressed (Inside Website)/Sec; the bytes which weren’t compressed, and have been replicated out.
  • DRA Outbound Bytes Complete/Sec; the entire bytes (compressed and uncompressed bytes) which have been replicated out.
  • DRA Outbound Objects/Sec; the variety of objects replicated out.
  • DRA Outbound Objects Filtered/Sec; the variety of objects from outbound replication companions which wanted no updates.
  • DRA Outbound Properties/Sec; signifies the variety of properties which have been replicated out.
  • DRA Outbound Worth (DNs Solely)/Sec; signifies the variety of object property values which have been despatched to outbound replication companions which have distinguished names.
  • DRA Outbound Values Complete/Sec; signifies the whole variety of object property values which have been despatched to outbound replication companions.
  • DRA Pendng Replication Synchronizations; this counter turns into necessary if it’s worthwhile to confirm what replication backlog exists.
  • DRA Sync Requests Made; signifies the variety of synchronization requests made to replication companions.
  • DS Listing Reads/Sec; signifies the variety of listing reads.
  • DS Listing Writes/Sec; signifies the variety of listing writes.
  • DS Safety Descriptor Suboperations/Sec; signifies the variety of Safety Descriptor Propagation suboperations.
  • DS Safety Descriptor Propagations Occasions; signifies the variety of Safety Descriptor Propagation occasions that are queued.
  • DS Threads in Use; signifies the variety of threads which the listing service is at present using.
  • LDAP Bind Time; signifies the time which the final profitable LDAP binding took.
  • LDAP Shopper Periods; exhibits the variety of shoppers that are related to the LDAP service.
  • LDAP Searches/Sec; shows the variety of LDAP search operations carried out by LDAP shoppers.
  • LDAP Profitable Binds/Sec; signifies the variety of profitable LDAP binds.
  • Kerberos Authentications; exhibits the variety of area authentications occurring utilizing the Kerberos authentication protocol.
  • NTLM Authentications; exhibits the variety of area authentications occurring utilizing the NTLM authentication protocol.

The necessary counters of the FileReplicaSet object that must be monitored as a part of your Lively Listing monitoring technique are listed under:

  • Change Orders Acquired; signifies what number of change notifications have been acquired from inbound companions.
  • Change Orders Despatched; signifies what number of change notifications have been despatched to outbound companions.
  • File Put in, exhibits the variety of replicated information put in.
  • KB of Staging Area Free; exhibits the quantity of free area within the staging listing. That is the place FRS shops information previous to replicating them.
  • KB of Staging Area In; signifies the quantity of area being utilized by FRS within the staging listing.
  • Packets Acquired; exhibits the variety of FRS knowledge and management packets that FRS acquired.
  • Packets Despatched; exhibits the variety of FRS knowledge and management packets despatched by FRS.
  • USN Data Accepted; exhibits the variety of data which have been permitted for replication.

Different essential System, Processor, and Reminiscence object counters that must be monitored when monitoring Lively Listing are listed under.

  • System object counters:
    • Context Switches/sec; can be utilized to find out whether or not or not the variety of purposes which the processor has to deal with is just too many.
    • Processor Queue Size; signifies whether or not or not the system is ready to deal with processing requests.
  • Processor object counters:
    • % Processor Time; can be utilized to watch the utilization of processor assets within the specific area controller.
    • % DPC Time; exhibits when processes have been delayed in executing, because of the area controller being occupied.
  • Reminiscence object counters:
    • Web page Faults/sec; exhibits when code needs to be accessed from the web page file. The counter can subsequently be used to find out whether or not further bodily RAM is required.
    • Out there Mbytes; exhibits the quantity of obtainable system reminiscence.
    • PhysicalDisk: Present Disk Queue Size counter; can be utilized to watch what number of disk reads and writes are pending.

The way to monitor Lively Listing efficiency with System Monitor

  1. Click on Begin, Administrative Instruments, after which click on Efficiency.
  2. Within the left pane, click on the System Monitor ode.
  3. In the best pane, right-click on the System Monitor graph after which choose Add Counters from the shortcut menu.
  4. When the Add Counters dialog field opens, click on Use Native Pc Counters if you wish to monitor the pc on which System Monitor is put in, or click on Choose Counters From Pc if you wish to monitor one other pc.
  5. Within the Efficiency Object drop down field, choose NTDS.
  6. If you wish to monitor all counters of the NTDS object, click on All Counters.
  7. In case you solely need to monitor sure counters, click on Choose Counters From Record, after which select the counters which you need to monitor by choosing the counter and clicking Add.
  8. Click on Shut.
  9. The counters which you have got simply enabled ought to be displayed underneath the graph in the suitable pane of System Monitor.

Monitoring Lively Listing Efficiency with Efficiency Logs and Alerts

You need to use the performance of the Efficiency Logs and Alerts to create counter logs, hint logs, and system alerts mechanically from the native pc or a distant pc.

  • Counter logs: You need to use counter logs to collect efficiency knowledge on assets and providers. You’ll be able to view and analyze any knowledge collected by counter logs in System Monitor, or you’ll be able to alternatively export the info to a spreadsheet or database software.
  • Hint logs: You should use hint logs to collect occasion traces which decide efficiency statistics associated to occasions similar to web page faults, and disk I/O.
  • Alerts: You should use alerts to set when a selected counter worth ought to set off a selected motion; reminiscent of sending an e-mail to a delegated consumer, operating a program, or logging an entry in a log file.

Find out how to create a counter log

  1. Click on Begin, Administrative Instruments, after which click on Efficiency.
  2. When the Efficiency console opens, double-click Efficiency Logs And Alerts, after which click on Counter Logs.
  3. Proper-click in a clean portion of the small print pane, after which choose New Log Settings from the shortcut menu.
  4. When the New Log Settings dialog field opens, enter a reputation for the brand new counter log within the Identify field. Click on OK.
  5. On the Basic tab, confirm that the knowledge within the Present Log File Identify field is the right info for the filename and path of the log file.
  6. Click on the Add Counters button.
  7. When the Add Counters dialog field seems, choose the Use Native Pc Counters choice, or click on the Choose Counters From Pc choice and specify the UNC identify of the pc that you simply need to monitor.
  8. Within the Efficiency Object drop down field, choose NTDS.
  9. If you wish to monitor all counters of the NTDS object, click on All Counters.
  10. When you solely need to monitor sure counters, click on Choose Counters From Listing, after which select the counters which you need to monitor by choosing the counter and clicking Add.
  11. Click on Shut.
  12. On the Common tab, within the Pattern Knowledge Each part of the tab, set the suitable values within the Interval and Models bins.
  13. Click on the Log Information tab, and select both Textual content File (Comma Delimited), Textual content File (Tab Delimited), Binary File, Binary Round File or SQL Database.
  14. Click on Configure.
  15. When the Configure Log Information dialog field opens, within the Places field, enter the situation of the folder through which the log file ought to be created.
  16. Within the Log File Measurement space, select both the Most Restrict choice; or the Restrict Of choice and set the dimensions to which knowledge must be collected. Click on OK.
  17. Within the Log Information tab, click on Finish File Names With, after which choose the log file suffix.
  18. You possibly can enter a descripton for the log file within the Remark field.
  19. If you wish to overwrite an present log file with this specific log file, click on Overwrite Present Log File.
  20. Click on the Schedule tab, and set the suitable schedule choices for the counter log.
  21. Click on OK.

How one can create a hint log

  1. Click on Begin, Administrative Instruments, after which click on Efficiency.
  2. When the Efficiency console opens, double-click Efficiency Logs And Alerts, after which click on Hint Logs.
  3. Proper-click in a clean portion of the small print pane, after which choose New Log Settings from the shortcut menu.
  4. When the New Log Settings dialog field opens, enter a reputation for the brand new hint log within the Identify field. Click on OK.
  5. Choose one of many following choices:
    • Occasions Logged By System Supplier after which proceed to specify occasions that must be logged;
    • Nonsystem Suppliers and the press Add to decide on the suitable nonsystem suppliers.
  6. Click on the Log Information tab, and set the required settings for the log file.
  7. Click on the Schedule tab, and set the suitable schedule choices for the hint log.
  8. Click on OK.

The way to create an alert

  1. Click on Begin, Administrative Instruments, after which click on Efficiency.
  2. When the Efficiency console opens, double-click Efficiency Logs And Alerts, after which click on Alerts.
  3. Proper-click in a clean portion of the small print pane, after which choose New Alert Settings from the shortcut menu.
  4. When the New Alert Settings dialog field opens, enter a reputation for the brand new alert within the Identify field. Click on OK.
  5. Enter a remark for the alert within the Remark field on the Basic tab.
  6. Click on Add.
  7. In Add Counters dialog field, specify the pc for which you need to create this alert.
  8. Within the Efficiency Object listing, select NTDS.
  9. Select the actual counters which you need to monitor, after which click on Add. Click on Shut
  10. On the Basic tab, within the Alert When The Worth Is field, set both Underneath or Over.
  11. Within the Restrict field, enter the worth which ought to set off the alert.
  12. Within the Pattern Knowledge Each part of the tab, set the suitable values within the Interval and Models bins.
  13. Click on the Motion tab, and choose between the next choices:
    • Log An Entry In The Software Occasion Log.
    • Ship A Community Message To.
    • Begin Efficiency Knowledge Log.
    • Run This Program.
    • Command Line Arguments.

    Click on OK.

  14. Click on the Schedule tab, and set the suitable schedule choices.
  15. Click on OK.

Greatest Practices for Monitoring Lively Listing Efficiency

A couple of greatest practices for monitoring Lively Listing efficiency utilizing Occasion Logs, System Monitor, and Efficiency Logs and Alerts are outlined in under.

  • You need to attempt to maintain any overhead referring to monitoring Lively Listing efficiency utilizing System Monitor at a minimal determine. Utilizing the System Monitor graph, and specifying an enormous variety of objects and counters for monitoring, leads to a rise in monitoring overhead.
  • As a result of operating System Monitor sometimes consumes assets, you need to carry out sure duties on the pc to preserve assets earlier than utilizing the device. These ought to embrace disabling providers and display saver packages which aren’t wanted for the efficiency monitoring course of. The identical measure ought to be used when utilizing Efficiency Logs And Alerts to watch efficiency.
  • It is best to improve the dimensions of the paging file to at least one and a half occasions the dimensions of the bodily reminiscence of the pc earlier than operating System Monitor. The ame measure must be used when utilizing Efficiency Logs And Alerts to watch efficiency.
  • Logging info in log information additionally impacts efficiency. That is due to the file measurement, and the obtainable disk area wanted by log information. Lengthening the replace interval might help in preserving the overhead related to the listing service log file at a suitable determine.
  • When monitoring efficiency with Efficiency Logs And Alerts, use the next methods:
    • You must maintain all logs for a set time period.
    • Knowledge gathered from these logs must be saved in a database. This lets you analyze and question the info as mandatory.

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