Microsoft Networking Reviews

Developing a Test Network

developing a test network

Planning the Check Community Surroundings

Any profitable community design deployment features a testing technique, and the execution of the testing plan. To check the community design, you need to plan the check community or surroundings, after which create the check community. A testing setting can include one lab or a number of labs. You’ll be able to construct numerous labs to check particular elements inside the community design.

When planning your check setting, take time to create an setting that may show whether or not or not the community design being examined is efficient. You need to create a check surroundings that may spotlight points or flaws inside the community design.

There are a selection of hardware elements and units that must be included inside the check community. Various typical hardware elements and units that ought to exist inside the check surroundings are listed right here:

  • Community adapters

  • USB adapters

  • BIOS variations

  • Small Pc System Interface (SCSI) adapters

  • CD drives and DVD drives

  • Sound playing cards and video playing cards

  • Detachable storage units

  • Sensible card readers

  • Keyboards

  • Mouse units

For Home windows Server 2003 check networks, you should be sure that the configurations listed under exist within the check community.

  • Create and configure the totally different community applied sciences and community protocols in your check setting which you propose to implement in your community design.

  • Networking providers: The networking providers put in in your check servers ought to mirror people who you propose to deploy in the actual on-line (manufacturing) setting. Configure the providers as they might function within the manufacturing surroundings, for example, with regard to service startup varieties, and the actions which ought to happen when a service fails. Home windows Server 2003 offers applied sciences and providers that may be added to new networks and present networks to satisfy the group’s enterprise necessities. To make use of sure providers, you a lot need to first implement particular know-how or providers on which these providers rely. For example, so as to use the Home windows Server 2003 Lively Listing listing service, you first have to put in Transmission Management Protocol/Web Protocol (TCP/IP) protocol, and the Area Identify System (DNS) service. Transmission Management Protocol/Web Protocol (TCP/IP) is the first protocol utilized in Home windows 2000 and Home windows Server 2003 networks, and lots of community providers use the protocol. Because of this, TCP/IP is put in as a part of the set up of Home windows 2000 and Home windows Server 2003. TCP/IP is a routable protocol. It’s utilized by broad space networks (WANs) and the Web. One other service aside from the Lively Listing listing service that’s dependant on TCP/IP is the Web Info Server (IIS) service.

    The standard Home windows providers which you need to embrace in your check surroundings are listed right here, along with the primary features of every service:

    • Area Identify System (DNS) Server service: It’s the DNS Server service that makes it attainable for friendlier names for use to find and hook up with hosts, and different community assets. DNS is used for identify decision, to offer an ordinary naming conference to find IP hosts on the Web. In case you select to completely combine Lively Listing and DNS, DNS info is saved immediately in Lively Listing. Because of this a website controller operating the DNS Server service might be configured to cope with dynamic updates by means of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), with Lively Listing controlling entry to DNS info.

    • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is used to handle IP addresses on a community utilizing TCP/IP. To make use of DHCP, you first have to put in the DHCP service on a pc, making it aDHCP server. DHCP can combine with the DNS Server service, and the Lively Listing listing service.

    • The Home windows Web Identify Service (WINS) is utilized in Home windows NT Server and prior working techniques (OSs) for identify decision. WINS is usually utilized in routed networks for NetBIOS identify decision.

    • The Web Info Providers (IIS) model included in Home windows Server 2003 is IIS IIS is probably the most steadily used Net servers on the Web and in intranets. In case you are operating a Home windows Server 2003 Version aside from the Home windows 2003 Server Net Version, IIS needs to be put in first with a view to use its options and capabilities.

    • Home windows Server 2003 consists of the Terminal Providers function. When Terminal Providers is configured in Distant Desktop For Administration mode (default), it may be used as a distant server administration device. The function permits directors to go online to a pc from a desktop and never the server console to carry out administrative duties. The elements supported by the Home windows Server 2003 Terminal Providers service are Distant Desktop For Administration and Distant Help (RA).

    • The Microsoft Certificates Providers might be put in to create and handle Certificates Authorities (CAs). CAs points the digital certificates that are utilized in a PKI implementation to offer a variety of options, together with IPSec authentication, safe e-mail, safe communications between Net shoppers and servers, and native community and distant entry logon authentication.

    A service could be configured with one of many startup varieties listed under. The startup sort controls when and the way the service begins.

    • Automated, the service begins routinely when the working system begins or boots.

    • Guide, the service must be began manually by an Administrator. Nevertheless, if a service or course of wants to start out a specific service, it might begin the service.

    • Disabled, for a service with the Disabled startup sort to start out, the precise startup sort must be modified to both Automated or Guide. A service can’t begin one other service if that specific service’s startup sort is Disabled

    You possibly can configure the motion that ought to happen when a service fails. The actions which you’ll be able to configure are listed subsequent:

    • Take No Motion

    • Restart The Service

    • Run A Program

    • Restart The Pc

  • Area construction: You must mirror the area construction which you propose to implement in your manufacturing setting. You must embrace the configuration of following key elements:

    • Area timber: Right here, you must configure how you’ll grouping one or a number of Home windows Server 2003 domains in a tree. Area timber are primarily a hierarchical association of domains. Area timber are created by including baby domains to a mother or father area.

    • Forests: You need to configure how one or a number of area timber are going to be grouped right into a forest.

    • Dad or mum domains and youngster domains: You sometimes type area timber by creating and including one or a number of baby domains to a mum or dad area.

    • Organizational models (OUs): It is best to mirror how objects are going to be saved into logical teams. OUs could be hierarchically organized inside a website. A corporation unit can include objects comparable to consumer accounts, teams, computer systems, shared assets, and different OUs.

    • Websites: Outline how the grouping of a number of Web Protocol (IP) subnets that are related by a dependable high-speed hyperlink are going to be finished. Websites must be outlined as places that allow quick and low cost community entry.

    • Belief Relationships: Tree-root belief and Mother or father-child belief is implicitly created by Lively Listing when new domains are created. Shortcut belief, Realm belief, Exterior belief and Forest belief differ to Tree-root and Father or mother-child belief, in that the previous 4 trusts should be explicitly created and managed. Due to the several types of belief relationships that may be created, you must plan which sort of belief relationship to create for the domains inside your Lively Listing surroundings.

  • Area controllers: Create the required area controllers inside your check surroundings. The variety of area controllers that are wanted inside your area are decided by the next elements:

    • The variety of customers within the area.

    • The variety of computer systems within the area.

    • The appliance necessities within the area. The extent of fault tolerance required for the area – at the very least two area controllers ought to exist within the area.

    • The totally different area features and roles have an effect on efficiency and affect the variety of area controllers that must be deployed within the area

  • Area authentication technique: It is best to set up and configure the area authentication which you propose to make use of in your manufacturing Lively Listing surroundings, in your check community surroundings. Right here, embrace the next as related to your community design:

    • Home windows 2000 combined area useful degree

    • Home windows 2000 native area useful degree

    • Home windows Server 2003 area useful degree

    • NT LAN Supervisor (NTLM) authentication protocol

    • Kerberos authentication protocol

  • Group Coverage Object (GPO) settings: Group Coverage settings are saved in a Group Coverage Object (GPO). The varieties of Group Coverage settings which could be saved in a GPO are pc configuration settings or consumer configuration settings. Making a GPO is the preliminary step in finally making use of Group Coverage settings to consumer objects, and pc objects in Lively Listing. If you create a brand new GPO, it’s by default linked to the location, area, or OU which was chosen, when the GPO was created. The Group Coverage settings saved within the GPO are utilized to that specific website, area or OU. You’ll be able to although, at a later stage, hyperlink the GPO to different websites, domains, or OUs. You should use the Group Coverage Administration Console (GPMC) to find out which GPOs are enabled and being processed, and the way by which GPOs are linked to websites, domains, and OUs. The GPMC can be utilized to look at all websites, domains, OUs and GPOs inside your enterprise. It permits you to look at the settings of a selected GPO, and is can be used to find out how your GPOs are linked to websites, domains, and OUs. The GPMC consists of an MMC, a set of automated scripts which may be run from the command line, and a set of batch information. The scripts included within the Group Coverage Administration Console (GPMC) can be utilized to listing and consider the next Group Coverage Object (GPO) info:

    • Info on a selected GPO

    • All of the GPOs in a website

    • All disabled GPOs

    • View unlinked GPOs in a website

    • View GPOs by coverage extension

    • View GPOs by safety group

    • View GPOs with duplicate names

    • View GPOs with no safety filtering

    • View scope of administration info

  • Consumer accounts: These are Lively Listing objects which uniquely determine community customers. A consumer account allows a consumer to go online to the area and to entry assets. An area consumer account allows a consumer to go online to a pc and entry native assets on that specific pc. A website consumer account allows a consumer to go online to a website, and entry community assets. Constructed-in consumer accounts are sometimes used for administrative duties. The safety settings that you simply configure for a consumer, group, or pc determines and controls whether or not the actual safety principal account has entry to Lively Listing, shopper computer systems, member servers, area controllers, purposes, and different community assets and providers.

    In your check community setting,

    • Assign permissions to safety principal accounts so tat the customers, group, or computer systems can entry community assets.

    • Grant consumer rights to safety principal accounts.

Making a Testing Technique

A typical testing answer ought to embrace the next steps:

  • Create a check plan; the check plan ought to outline the target of testing and will embrace the next forms of testing:

    • Hardware compatibility testing.

    • Working system compatibility testing

    • Software compatibility testing.

    • Safety testing.

    • Hardware and software program evaluation.

    • Efficiency baseline willpower.

    You also needs to doc all set up, configuration and administrative processes which you will make the most of.

  • Create related check instances; for every check case which you outline, you need to embrace the next info:

    • Function of the check case.

    • Hardware wanted to carry out the check.

    • Software program wanted to carry out the check.

    • Essential configuration which must be utilized earlier than the check may be carried out.

    • How the check ought to be carried out.

  • Construct a testing setting; the testing surroundings which you create is decided by numerous parts, reminiscent of the dimensions and necessities of the group, the community infrastructure, the diploma of testing which must be carried out, and the way a lot time might be put aside for testing. A testing surroundings or check lab might be utilized to carry out quite a few operations.

  • Carry out the precise safety configuration testing; it is best to consider and doc the outcomes of your testing.

Constructing a Testing Lab

The primary function of constructing a testing lab is to reflect the manufacturing networking surroundings so far as you possibly can.

The kind of testing lab that it’s worthwhile to create, and the way that lab is created, it decided by quite a few elements, together with the next:

  • The character of the group.

  • The necessities of the group.

  • The dimensions of the group.

  • The intricacies of the community design.

  • The scope outlined for testing

  • The time put aside for testing

A testing lab might be created for a variety of functions:

  • Create and check the community design on your proposed community infrastructure answer.

  • Check deployment of hardware elements.

  • Check deployment of software program merchandise.

  • Check deployment of upgrades, patches, and hotfixes.

  • Check for and decide bandwidth necessities.

  • Check efficiency

  • Plan capability.

  • Check and plan enterprise procedures

  • Practice customers

Implementing a Check Community

After the testing lab is constructed, you should use it to carry out precise testing. The testing course of which you make the most of can be based mostly on the specs of the check plan or check procedures.

Making a check plan entails the next:

On your testing lab, it is best to appoint a testing lab supervisor. The standard features of a testing lab supervisor are listed right here:

  • Create testing lab insurance policies and processes.

  • Handle configuration modifications to the testing community.

  • Handle the configurations of hardware and software program, and of upgrades.

  • Monitor and monitoring system modifications and utilization.

  • Handle the change management course of.

  • Keep check lab safety.

  • Handle testing documentation.

Making a Pilot Deployment

The first goal of making a pilot deployment is to have customers carry out their features as they might usually do.

The success of a pilot deployment is dependent upon the next:

  • The customers that you choose for the pilot deployment: When choosing customers for the pilot deployment, you must contemplate the next factors:

    • The sort or type of configurations being deployed.

    • The position or place of the consumer inside the group.

    • The capabilities and competencies of the customers.

  • The technical help that’s obtainable for customers: Your pilot deployment plan ought to embrace technical help employees for performing the next features:

An essential aspect to incorporate in your pilot deployment plan is a rollback process. The rollback process ought to cope with restoring the community to its earlier community configuration if serous points are detected within the pilot deployment

One other necessary component to incorporate within the pilot deployment plan is the coaching of help employees and customers. Coaching would allow your customers to make the most of and work with the brand new community configuration.

How you can construct a testing tab

You need to use the method under as a suggestion for constructing a testing lab:

  1. First, determine and acquire the hardware and software program elements for the testing lab. Hardware and software program elements sometimes embrace the next:

    • Community infrastructure elements

    • Cabling

    • Routers

    • Switches

    • Server hardware

    • Workstation hardware

    • Working system software program

    • Purposes and software program merchandise.

  2. To simplify troubleshooting, clearly label every gadget and all of your cables.

  3. You now have to put in the routers and switches, after which configure the elements so that you’ve community connectivity in your testing lab.

  4. The subsequent step is to put in the server hardware after which configure the servers in response to their manufacturing roles.

    • You must configure the central processing unit (CPU) and random entry reminiscence (RAM) as you’d within the manufacturing networking setting.

    • You also needs to configure the next parts the identical as you’d within the manufacturing setting:

      • Exhausting drive arrays

      • Partitions

      • Drive letters

  5. Subsequent, you need to defragment every arduous drive.

  6. Set up the newest antivirus software program.

  7. Set up the working system.

  8. For Home windows Server 2003 servers, it is strongly recommended that you simply use a clear set up of the working system.

  9. For the improve of present servers, you need to check the improve process. To do that, set up a replica of the prevailing community working system.

  10. Subsequent, check the community connectivity achieved in your testing lab.

  11. The subsequent step is to put in the appliance software program within the testing lab which you may be utilizing in your stay manufacturing setting:

  12. The second remaining step is to put in your shopper computer systems, after which it’s a must to configure the shopper computer systems.

  13. Lastly, safe your testing lab.

About the author


Read More